Management of Oral Complications in Patients with Head and Neck Cancer Undergoing Radiotherapy
Jan-June 2016 | Vol 2 | Issue 1 | Page :1-4
1IV year BDS, Saveetha Dental College, Poonamallee, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India.
How to cite this article:R. Priyanka. Management of Oral Complications in Patients with Head and Neck Cancer Undergoing Radiotherapy. Adv Med Dent Res 2016; Jan-Jun; 2(1); 1-4. DOI: 10.21276/amdr.2016.2.1.01
Ionizing radiation causes damage in normal tissues located in the
radiation portals. Oral complications of radiotherapy in the head and neck region are the result
of the deleterious effects of radiation on, e.g., salivary glands, oral mucosa, bone, dentition, masticatory musculature,
and temporomandibular joints. The clinical consequences of radiotherapy include mucositis, hyposalivation, taste loss,
osteoradionecrosis, radiation caries, and trismus. Mucositis and taste loss are reversible consequences that usually
subside early post-irradiation, while hyposalivation is normally irreversible. Furthermore, the risk of developing radiation caries and osteoradionecrosis is a life-long threat.
Present study is an attempt to take a review of the management of oral lesions caused in patients undergoing radiation therapy for head and neck carcinoma and to bring out all the
possible precautions before the therapy and the management of all the consequences that form as a heavy burden for the patients and have a tremendous impact on their quality of life during and after radiotherapy.
Keywords: : Oral complications, Management, Radiotherapy.
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